Ziwa Rhinoceros Sanctuary
In Uganda, there is no more rhinoceros in the wild. Two species of rhinos were living in the countries: the white rhinoceros and the black rhinoceros. In 1982, both species disappeared because of poaching, armed conflicts and habitat destruction.
In 2005, the sanctuary was created and a total of 6 rhinos were imported. Four rhinos came from Kenya (neighbour country) and two from a zoo in United States. Only white rhinos were introduced in the sanctuary. As of October 2012, there are 12 rhinos in the sanctuary; 6 babies were born since 2009 (this is impressive). The sanctuary could support a population of up to about 50 rhinos.
A good part of the financing comes from tourism. Indeed, it is possible to walk in the sanctuary, accompanied by a guide, in order to see some rhinos. It is very exciting to track such an animal without being confined to a vehicle.
I mentioned that only white rhinos were present in the sanctuary. The reason is that this specie is not dangerous for humans. Indeed, the white rhino can be approached up to just a few metres without any problems. On the other hand, the black rhino is very aggressive and would charge almost every time. With a weight of around 1.5 tons, a black rhino can very easily kill a person.
We went to see a female rhino and its young. The mother is called Nandi and is 13 years old; it comes from the United State. She got a first baby in June 2009, named Obama (yes, the same name as the American president, since the father rhino comes from Kenya... like President Obama). We met Nandi's 2nd baby, born in June 2011, and called Malaika which means “angel”.
The main differences, between white and black rhinos, are as follows.
|The white rhino has a wide mouth. The black rhino has a narrow one.|
|The white rhino eats only grass. The black rhino eats branches, leaves and shoots.|
|The white rhino is bigger at 1.8 metres tall and 1.4 to 3.6 tons. The black rhino is up to 1.6 metres and 1.5 tons.|
|The white rhino can run up to 40 km/h and the black rhino up to 55 km/h.|
|The white rhino has a gestation of 14-15 months and the baby weight 50 kg at birth. For the black rhino, it's 16 months and 40 kg.|
|The white rhino is social and often lives in a group. The black rhino is solitary or lives in a pair.|